Saturday, May 23, 2020
Fences tells the story of Troy, a sour sanitation worker desperately clinging to the notion that he could have played Major League Baseball. He is unlikeable and unfair, at times cruel and severe, however these actions are a result of his turbulent childhood, his constant defeat in the face of adversity, be they his baseball career or the struggles of his day to day life. A tragedy in the truest sense, Fences chronicles Ã¢â¬Å"the heart and spirit of the average manÃ¢â¬ (Miller). The mold Wilson uses to cast Troy has its share of cracks and imperfections, but rather than focusing on the many faults on the surface of an underprivileged life, it is paramount that the origins of these cracks and the sources of these imperfections is understood; onlyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The fence can also be viewed as the symbolic obstacles Troy faces in throughout his life. Poverty and homelessness as a young man, 15 years in prison, the color line in baseball, all are fences which he was u nable to surmount. Like many tragic stories Ã¢â¬Å"the underlying struggle is that of the individual attempting to gain his rightful position in his societyÃ¢â¬ (Miller). Fences is full of struggles starting for Troy as soon as he comes into this world. Troy is born in 1904 into a less than perfect world and by the time he is fourteen years old he leaves Alabama to escape his abusive father. He runs away to Pittsburgh, following the promise that there are good jobs there. Wilson sets the scene in Ã¢â¬ËSteel CityÃ¢â¬â¢, a place of great importance to him. He was born there and sets Ã¢â¬Å"nine out of the ten plays in the neighborhood of the Hill DistrictÃ¢â¬ (Wardi 1). His relationship with his father is lacking, something that he is determined to improve upon with his own children, but as time progresses, it becomes apparent that the apple hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t fallen far from the tree. As a father Troy doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have much to go off of, the only love he has ever know has come from his father. Hi s mother left when he was young, as did all of the women his father courted: Ã¢â¬Å"He wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t good for nobodyÃ¢â¬ (Wilson 556). So in addition to his absent father figure
Monday, May 18, 2020
Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 922 Downloads: 8 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Chemistry Essay Type Essay any type Did you like this example? The types of chemical reaction considered here areoxidation, reduction, phosphorylation, hydrolysis, condensation, isomerization,deamination and carboxylation. Oxidation Oxidation involves an increase in the oxidation number ofa species. This involves the addition of oxygen or the loss of hydrogen orelectrons. Ultimately the first two can always be viewed as equivalent toloss of electrons. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "College essay topics to write abou Chemical Reaction" essay for you Create order Oxidation always occurs together with reduction as part ofa redox reaction. The substance producing the oxidation is termed the oxidant(electron acceptor) and is concomitantly reduced. Likewise the oxidisedspecies (electron donor) can be termed the reductant. (Atkins, 1990) There are many examples of oxidation reactions in thecatabolism of glucose. For example in the first stage of the glycolyticpathway leading from glucose to pyruvate, after the six carbon intermediatesare cleaved to generate glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate the enzyme glyceraldehydephosphate dehydrogenase catalyses the conversion of glyceraldehyde3-phosphate to 3-phosphoglycerol phosphate (utilizing the cofactor NAD andinorganic phosphate) This oxidation is the first time that reducing potentialin the form of NADH is generated in the breakdown of glucose (note the NAD iscorrespondingly reduced in the process). Reduction Reduction is a decrease in the oxidation number of asubstance resulting from the gain of electrons as part of a redox reaction.This is often but not necessarily associated with the loss of oxygen orhydrogen. (See oxidation above). An example of a reduction reaction occurs in the finalstage of glycolysis under anaerobic conditions where pyruvate is reduced tolactate catalysed by the enzyme lactate dehydrogenase. The reducing potentialfor this reaction is provided by NADH and H+ and prevents thecells finite supply of NAD being tied up in the reduced form from reactionssuch as the oxidation example above. Again the reductant NADH is oxidised inthe process. Phosphorylation Phosphorylation involves the addition of a phosphate (PO42-)or phospho (PO32-) from a donor to receptor moleculeusually by a nucleophilic displacement of the phosphorus atom by a lone pairon an electronegative heteroatom (e.g. O or N). (Cox, 2004) In the first reaction of the catabolism of glucose, theglucose molecule is phosphorylated by the high-energy phosphate compoundadenosine triphosphate (ATP) catalysed by the enzyme hexokinase. The hydroxylgroup on carbon atom 6 of the glucose nucleophilically attacks the terminalphosphate of ATP displacing a PO32- group, which isadded to the glucose releasing ADP. In addition to priming the molecule withenergy it keeps the glucose in the cytoplasm, as the glucose transporters arespecific for free glucose. (Cox, 2004) Hydrolysis Hydrolysis is the reaction of a chemical species (moleculeor ion) with water. In biological systems this usually involves addition ofthe elements of water across a chemical bond to break the bond, resulting inan OH group attached to one atom of the hydrolysed bond and an H atom addedto the other atom. This can split the molecule into two separate molecules(see example) or can break a cyclical compound into a linear structure. The neurochemical transmitter acetylcholine is responsiblefor conduction of the motor neurone impulse across the synaptic gap. Toprevent continuation of the signal and tetanic paralysis of the muscle theacetylcholine is hydrolysed to acetate and choline by the enzymeacetylcholine esterase. This is an uncomplicated ester hydrolysis in whichwater nucleophilically attacks the carbonyl group of the acetate component ofthe ester. (Vander, 2001) Condensation A condensation reaction occurs when two or more reactingspecies react to form a single product and eliminate a simple molecule in theprocess. Where the simple molecule is water the condensation reaction can bethought of as the opposite of the hydrolysis reaction. Likewise the tworeacting species can be separated but on the same molecule resulting in acyclization reaction. (McNaught, 1997) Peptide synthesis occurring on the ribosome and catalysedby its peptide synthetase activity is an example of a condensation reaction.Condensation takes place between the amino group of the added amino acid andthe carboxyl group of the growing peptide chain (activated by anaminoacyl-tRNA linkage) eliminating the elements of water. (Alberts, 1989). Isomerization In an isomerization reaction the product of the reactionis an isomer of the reactant. In such a reaction there is no net change inthe stoichiometry of the molecular formula between reactants and products(though intermediate steps may involve extra atoms). The isomerization can bethe result of molecular or conformational rearrangements (McNaught, 1997) The second reaction of the glycolytic breakdown of glucoseis an example of an isomerization reaction. Glucose-6-phosphate is convertedto fructose-6-phosphate by the enzyme glucose phosphate isomerase. Thisproduces a more symmetrical molecule with a second available primary alcoholgroup for phosphorylation. Deamination Deamination is the removal of an amine (NH2)group from a molecule. The nitrogen is usually removed as ammonia, the extrahydrogen coming from water leaving a ketone group in place of the amine. Thisreaction also increases the resulting oxidation number of the reactingspecies and is often termed oxidative deamination. (Cox, 2004) Oxidative deamination is an important reaction in thedegradation of amino acids especially in the liver. Glutamate, produced fromother amino acids by transamination, is converted into a-ketoglutarate and ammonia by the enzymeglutamate dehydrogenase in association with the cofactors NAD or NADP. Theammonia is ultimately excreted via the urea cycle. (Cox, 2004) Carboxylation Carboxylation is the addition of a carboxylate group to amolecule. This is an important method for increasing the number of carbonatoms in a synthesis. The source of the carbon is typically carbon dioxidefor example in the reaction of a carbonated grignard reagent (or thebicarbonate ion in aqueous biological systems). The fixation of carbon dioxide by green plants is animportant example of a carboxylation reaction. In plants that use theCalvin cycle, CO2 is incorporated into 3-phosphoglycerate by theenzyme ribulose-diphosphate carboxylase. This carboxylates the five-carbonribulose sugar to produce a six-carbon intermediate, which is then hydrolysedto produce two 3 carbon molecules of 3-phosphoglycerate.
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Running head: Oedipus-A Tragic Hero Research Paper ENGL 102: Literature and Composition) Fall 2015 Melinda Meeds L26683811 APA Outline Thesis: In SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"OedipusÃ¢â¬ , Oedipus is exemplified as a tragic hero according to AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s definition because his story appeals to the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s humanity in the way he maintains his strengths after inadvertently causing his own downfall. I. Oedipus A. The noble birth. B. Describe OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢ character. II. Tragedy A. Describe what a tragedy is. B. Describe the tragedies Oedipus has faced. III. A tragic hero A. Describe what makes Oedipus a tragic hero. B. Describe how Oedipus handles life after the pitfalls he has faced. Oedipus-A Tragic HeroÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦949-986). Boston, MA: Pearson. Knox, B. M. (1998). Hero. In Oedipus at Thebes: Sophocles tragic hero and his time (1st ed., p. 4). New Haven, NY: Yale University Press. Reeves, C. H. (1952). The Aristotelian Concept of the Tragic Hero. The American Journal of Philology, 73(2), 172Ã¢â¬â188. http://doi.org/10.2307/291812 Vernant, J.-P., DuBois, P. (1978). Ambiguity and Reversal: On the Enigmatic Structure of Oedipus Rex. New Literary History, 9(3), 475Ã¢â¬â501. http://doi.org/10.2307/468451 Wilson, J. P. (1997). The hero and the city: An interpretation of Sophocles Oedipus at Colonus. Ann Arbor, MI: University of MichiganShow MoreRelatedOedipus As A Tragic Hero1506 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA true hero does not merely wear a cape, but this individual possesses admirable characteristics. A hero inspires the people around him and he is honorable. Heroes influential individuals from fairytale stories and myths of a real-life hero. Yet, none of these influential people are perfect. The tragic hero is clearly defined by Aristotle as being a person of admirable character, yet completely human with noticeable flaws. Moreover, this individual is not exempt from suffering. In SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ tragicRead MoreIs Oedipus A Tragic Hero?1167 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages2014 Is Oedipus a tragic hero? Aristotle, Ancient Greek philosopher whom did a lot of philosophizing, he believed in a logical reality. AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s objective was to come up with a universal process of reasoning that would allow man to learn every imaginable thing about reality. The initial process involved describing objects based on their characteristics, states of being and actions. Aristotle once said A man doesn t become a hero until he can see the root of his own downfallÃ¢â¬ . Oedipus was a mythicalRead MoreOedipus the Tragic Hero1390 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOedipus; The Tragic Hero In the Fourth Century BC, a famous philosopher named Aristotle wrote about the qualities that a tragic hero must possess. Ever since that time, there have been many examples of tragic heroes in literature. None of those characters, however, display the tragic hero traits quite as well as Oedipus, the main character from the play Oedipus Rex by Sophocles. Oedipus is, without a doubt, the absolute quintessence of a tragic hero. His example shines as clear as a sunny summerRead MoreOedipus As A Tragic Hero1724 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesstory of Oedipus, Oedipus is considered a Ã¢â¬Å"Tragic HeroÃ¢â¬ because of the tragic fate and effect that he had upon his life. My definition of a tragedy is a great loss that has a unhappy ending to which concluded me to state that Oedipus falls under that category. Throughout the book, Oedipus is leading himself to his own destruction when trying to find the killer of the late King Laios. So when a journal article I found published by The John Hopk ins University Press stated that a Ã¢â¬Å"tragic hero is a manRead MoreOedipus, A Tragic Hero1648 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Oedipus, a Tragic Hero Bob Livingston Liberty University Ã¢â¬Æ' Sophocles presented the world with Oedipus around 2500 years ago. Never-the-less, the story remains among the most riveting of all time. He was, in fact, a man that was driven by a very high internal moral standard. It was that internal moral standard that ultimately entwined him in a sequence of events and circumstances that placed him in the spousal relationship with his mother. Oedipus, in fact, can truly be regarded as a tragic heroRead MoreOedipus a Tragic Hero1516 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOedipus A Tragic Hero English 102 Literature and Composition Summer B 2011 Terry Garofolo 22816762 APA Sophocles presented the world with Oedipus around 2500 years ago. Never-the-less, the story remains among the most riveting of all time. Unfortunately, today when we hear the mention of the name Oedipus we place negative connotations around it. Oedipus, after all, had an unnatural sexual relationship with his own mother! In actuality, however, this relationship emerged entirely innocentlyRead MoreOedipus As A Tragic Hero1094 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn the play Oedipus the King, Oedipus struggles to accept the truth and lets his temper over power him. He can be displayed as a tragic hero. His refusal to accept the truth led to OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢ down fall. A tragic hero, as defined by Aristotle, Ã¢â¬Å"is a literary character who makes a judgment error that inevitably leads to his/her own destruction.Ã¢â¬ SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ Oedipus exemplifies AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of a tragic hero. In the play, Oedipus unknowingly has cursed the entire town of Thebes. He was cursedRead MoreOedipus, a Tragic Hero?2158 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesOedipus, a Tragic Hero? Elizabeth Howell English 102- B33 Professor Katie Robinson Liberty University October 12, 2012 Oedipus, a Tragic Hero? Thesis: Using AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s five different descriptions of a tragic hero, we will show that Oedipus in Oedipus the King is in fact a tragic hero and how his decisions led to his downfall. Outline: I. Introduction and Thesis Statement II. Is the character of noble birth? A. King of Thebes B. Real father was king III. Though the tragic heroRead MoreOedipus, A Tragic Hero1832 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesmany others will likely fade away. Oedipus Rex is a tragic tale set in Ancient Greece. Greek thinker, Aristotle, said there were certain elements that would make a person qualified as a Ã¢â¬Å"tragic hero.Ã¢â¬ (Adade-Ywboah, Ahenkora Amankwah, 2012). We think of heroes being larger than life, possessing impeccable honor, integrity, strong leadership and having the higher moral ground. However, tragic heroes are different; they are imperfect and will inevitably face a tragic downfall. Per Aristotle, there areRead MoreOedipus the Tragic Hero754 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn the play Oedipus the King we identify the classic tragic hero. The character Oedipus Rex plays the role of the tragic hero perfectly. He shows the three main characteristics being talented and of noble birth, possessing a tragic flaw that causes the downfall and pain of everyone, and the recognition of responsibility. OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢s first characteristic of being a tragic hero is being talented and of noble birth. Oedipus was talented because during his journey to runaway form his curse, the oracle
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Ali DeLine Ortiz Edu 201 February 1, 2016 Glossary Concept Quiz Chapter One: 1. Assessment-context that is defined clearly to learners and shows the assessors what the learners understands. 1. 2.Criterion-referenced test- discovering what a learner knows about addition tow digit numbers without regrouping the numbers. 2. Norm-referenced assessment- determination of how much a student knows compared to the other students. 3. Formative assessment-Teachers that collect evidence about what a student still needs to comprehend and adaptions that are made to meet the studentÃ¢â¬â¢s needs. 4. Summative assessment- uncovering a students knowledge and is able to present that knowledge at a certain period of time. 5. 6.Reliability- material that is consistent and is repeated across many administrations. 6. Validity- clear evidence that is related to what is being taught and what is being assessed. Chapter Two: 1. 1-Developmental learning theories- change of development of oneself over a period of time, from birth to adulthood. 2. 2-Mastery goal orientation- desire to learn new skill for the sake of learning. 3. 3-performance goal orientation-the learners inclination to demonstrate a new skill and compare their results to others. 4. 4-Self-efficacy- desired outcome based of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s feeling. 5. 5-Social learning theories- the interaction between the learners and the social environment around them. 6. 6- Testing- evaluating students skills and knowledge by their performance of aShow MoreRelatedDoc, Docx, Pdf, Wps, Rtf, Odt683 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Bottom of Form * * * ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form SignUp|Loginor use Bottom of Form * Home * Articles * Docs * Concepts * BrandGuide * Colleges * Forum * Careers * FunCorner * Quizzes * You are here:Ã Ã Home BrandGuide FMCG Lifebuoy Lifebuoy lt; Lever Ayush.. | Ã | Liril 2000.. gt; | Lifebuoy | Parent Company | HUL | Category | Personal Care Ã¢â¬âRead MoreEntrance Essay1222 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesaddition, review the summary and glossary at the end of each chapter in the textbook. Moreover, the online quizzes are an important tool in preparation for each exam. That is, after obtaining 100% on the first or second attempt of an online quiz and having reviewed the material, students should take all remaining attempts, but this time without the notes or the textbook in order to know how prepared (or not) they truly are. Students should also carefully review all quiz attempts, as the exam questionsRead MoreResults of the VARK Questionnaire812 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesfor me include: making lists, creating headings, using handouts, textbooks, and readings such as can be found in the library. Manuals are also easier for me to understand and follow than other forms of information acquisition. I should also use glossaries, dictionaries, and learn the definitions of words. They also suggest that I take cop ious notes and these should be verbatim. I excel, according to the website, with essays and teachers who use words well and have lots of information in sentencesRead MoreCase Study : Inquiry Investigation Lesson Plan Essay1784 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesin science. Laws are statements or descriptions of the relationships among observable phenomena. Disciplinary Core Ideas: PS2.A: Forces and Motion NewtonÃ¢â¬â¢s second law accurately predicts changes in the motion of macroscopic objects. Crosscutting Concepts: Cause and Effect Empirical evidence is required to differentiate between cause and correlation and make claims about specific causes and effects. Common Core Science Standards: ELA-Literacy.RST.9-10.7 Translate quantitative or technical informationRead MoreEssay about Csia 301 - Syllabus4668 Words Ã |Ã 19 Pagesintroductory course, it requires the prior completion of CMIS 102, a course in problem solving and algorithm design. In this course, we will cover a broad range of subjects that form the basis of computer system security studies. We will define the concepts of confidentiality, integrity, and availability. In addition, we will explore basic security models, mandatory access control (MAC), discretionary access control (DAC), trusted operating systems, and secure network design. We will present an overviewRead MoreAcct 3708 Lecture Pdf1701 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageschanged since last year. Ã¢â¬â Standards can also be downloaded from the AUASB website at http://www.auasb.gov.au Review Course Requirements Ã¢â¬ ¢ Assessment Ã¢â¬â p.6 Ã¢â¬â Three class quizzes Ã¢â¬â 24% Ã¢â¬ ¢ To be held in your tutorials in weeks 5, 8 and 11 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Each quiz to be worth 8% of the final grade Ã¢â¬â Assignment Ã¢â¬â 20% Ã¢â¬â due in week 11 Ã¢â¬ ¢ To be completed in groups of four students. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Students will be assigned to groups by their tutor. Groups will be formed in the tutorial in Week 5 Ã¢â¬ ¢ The assignment is inRead More Overview of Testing and Assessment Essay2264 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pageshaving a better experience when completing the various tasks. Even in this current ISTC course, online testing has been utilized. With concepts such as web-based questionnaires, interactive videos and games, Ã¢â¬Å"hands-onÃ¢â¬ websites that pose questions, possibilities for new and exciting alternatives and advancements are endless. There are even interactive videos that quiz and test students. With an ever-expanding field of information technology, classrooms will hopefully be adjusting to the new availabilitiesRead MoreImportant of English Language4703 Words Ã |Ã 19 Pagesnote-taking system, which involves writing grouping your notes around keywords that you can quiz yourself on later by covering the notes and trying to remember what you wrote based on seeing only the keyword. Ã¢â¬ ¢ 9 If your textbook has a vocabulary section, a glossary, or a list of terms, make sure that you understand these completely. You dont have to memorize them, but whenever there is an important concept in a particular field, there is usually a special term to refer to it. Learn these termsRead MoreSGMT 6250 SYLLABUS Winter 20156628 Words Ã |Ã 27 PagesStrategicÃ leadershipÃ TopÃ managementÃ teamsÃ andÃ theÃ powerÃ ofÃ persuasionÃ LeadersÃ andÃ teamsÃ inÃ newÃ productÃ developmentÃ ExecutionÃ andÃ theÃ innovationÃ processÃ LecturesÃ andÃ readingsÃ highlightÃ conceptsÃ andÃ toolsÃ thatÃ helpÃ managersÃ executeÃ strategiesÃ and,Ã asÃ aÃ result,Ã improveÃ firmÃ performance.Ã CaseÃ discussionsÃ applyÃ theseÃ conceptsÃ andÃ toolsÃ toÃ realÃ¢â¬ lifeÃ situations.Ã Throughout,Ã studentsÃ learnÃ howÃ toÃ integrateÃ andÃ applyÃ establishedÃ knowledgeÃ aboutÃ theÃ componentsÃ ofÃ implementation.Ã UponÃ theÃ completionÃ ofÃ thisÃ courseRead MoreA Critique of the Behavioural Theories of Learning4629 Words Ã |Ã 19 PagesThe bell signals the arrival of food. Pavlov called this the law of contiguity: The closer the two are in time (with neutral stimulus preceding presentation of UCS), the stronger the conditioning (generally speaking) Extinction. This concept is similar to common sense idea of forgetting. Pavlov found that when he sounded the tone repeatedly without presenting food, the dogÃ¢â¬â¢s salivation also decreased. After the conditioning phase, the conditioned response (CR) gets weaker when the conditioned
1.0 Introduction 1.1 Definition of Online Learning Online learning is a kind of powerful tools into the form of education and training that lets people to obtain knowledge and assistances through network technologies (Clarke 2008). We will write a custom essay sample on Online learning as a tools into the form of education and training or any similar topic only for you Order Now Online learning usually boils down to learning that maintained by Information and Communications Technology (ICT). Based on the survey in figure (A), 29 respondents identified about online learning that it is a type of learning where people can develop their education through the Internet (Personal Survey 2011). Figure (A) Do you know anything about online learning? 1.2 History of Online Learning During the year of 1800s, learning was transported through the electronic mails. However, in the year of 1990s, most of the learning was transported through CD-ROM, radio, Internet and television (Proctor et.al (ed) 2004). People start to learn through the Internet which is also called as online learning as the technology is improving. 2.0 Categories of Online Learning 2.1 Synchronous Learning Synchronous learning is a kind of learning that people online can interactwith one another through the videoconferencing and also through the window messenger for chatting (Types of Online Learning n.d). Students not only can have their discussion with their friends or instructors, but also can have their coursework or assignments throughout their studies on the Internet. Students may become more active and motivated in their studies on socialising through the videoconferencing and chatting while they are having discussion (Types of Online Learning n.d). 2.2 Asynchronous Learning Students do not need their instructors to be available beside them at the same time because they can send the messages to their respective instructors through the electronic mails if they have any problems or they need help from their instructors (Clarke 2008). Students may become more convenient when they enable to log on to their learning environment at anywhere for their studies (Types of Online Learning n.d). 2.3 Blended Learning Blended learning is a kind of learning with combination of synchronous and asynchronous learning. Students can complete their coursework or assignments by themselves with the way of blended learning and this will make their thinking skills and experiences increase. Besides that, they can take some useful information from the Internet to do their coursework or assignments instead of attending classes in campuses (Types of Online Learning n.d). 3.0 Online Learning is an effective tool in learning Figure (B) Online Learning is an effective tool in learning (Personal Survey 2011) 3.1 Useful and comfortable Online learning is an effective tool in learning which online paths are useful and comfortable. Based on the survey in figure (A), 75% of the respondents approved that online learning is useful (Personal Survey 2011). Students can spend their lecture times to study where they are available on their own timetables. People enable to learn at a comfortable place by their own decision by selecting some venues where they would like to study through online at their houses, cyber cafes and coffee shops such as Old Town White Coffee where they enable to access through the Internet (The Advantages and Disadvantages of E-Learning n.d). 3.2 Meet new and interesting people Online paths help to meet interesting and new people is one of the effective tools in learning. Based on the survey in figure (B), 5% of the respondents approved that online paths help to meet new friends (Personal Survey 2011). Most of the students would feel very shy when they are in their classes or groups to meet up with their new friends. This is the reason that the online paths give an opportunity to everyone gets to know each another through their personal Facebook and Twitter. This is a method of interaction between one another to improve their friendships in their classes or groups (The Advantages and Disadvantages of E-Learning n.d). 3.3 Learn to become discipline people Online paths clarify to be self-disciplined is also one of the effective tools in learning. Based on the survey in figure (B), 8% of the respondents agreed that online courses teach to be self-discipline (Personal Survey 2011). A large numbers of people like to finish their works in the eleventh hours. It is the worst method to learn. So, people who are online can take their responsibility for their studies into a personally learning and they will become successful people in the future (The Advantages and Disadvantages of E-Learning n.d). 3.4 Encourage long-term learning Online learning is an effective tool which encourages long-term learning. Based on the survey in figure (B), 12% of the respondents agreed that online courses promote life-long learning (Personal Survey 2011). Most of the students will slowly forget what they have learnt in their campuses or schools within few days. To help them to solve this problem, students enable to online at any time to search for their information so that they will not forget what they have learnt in their campuses or schools (The Advantages and Disadvantages of E-Learning n.d). 4.0 Online Learning is not an effective tool in learning Figure (C) Online Learning is not an effective tool in learning (Personal Survey 2011) 4.1 Need additional period on-campus lessons Online paths need additional period on-campus lessons is one of the not effective tools in learning. According to the survey in figure (C), 10% of the respondents approved that online paths need additional period on-campus lessons (Personal Survey 2011). Students will always spend more time studying or searching information for their coursework or assignments through the Internet than studying in their campuses or schools (The Advantages and Disadvantages of E-Learning n.d). 4.2 Lead to lack of interaction One of the not effective tools in learning is online paths lead to lack of interaction. According to the survey in figure (C), 90% of the respondents approved that online courses lead to lack of interactions (Personal Survey 2011). Although students only study through the Internet, they will miss all the fun of learning activities in their classes. This causes they have fewer opportunities to mix around with their friends and their mentors because they usually stay at home to access the Internet and will make their lives too boring (The Advantages and Disadvantages of E-Learning n.d). 4.0 Conclusion Figure (D) Is Online Learning an effective tool in learning? (Personal Survey 2011) In conclusion, online learning truly is an effective tool in learning because it carries benefits to people who wish to learn more things from the Internet. According to the survey in figure (D), 77.8% of the respondents approved that online learning is an effective tool in learning (Personal Survey 2011). This will increase their knowledge and experiences through the way of the online learning. Online learning brings a lot of advantages to people such as meets up with new friends, encourages long-term learning, learns to become self-disciplined person and also is very useful. Therefore, online learning is an effective tool in learning in this society as the benefits of online learning outweigh the harms. Reference List Internet Articles The Advantages and Disadvantages of E-Learning n.d., viewed February 23, 2011, Types of Online Learning n.d., viewed February 23, 2011, Journal Articles White, MMA 2007, History of E-Learning Ã¢â¬â A Brief History of E-Learning and Distance Education, viewed February 23, 2011, Book Clarke, A 2008, E-Learning Skills, 2 edn, Palgrave Macmillan, New York Personal Survey Personal Survey 2011 How to cite Online learning as a tools into the form of education and training, Essay examples
Assessment is a practice that is utilized to determine diagnosis and treatment planning. Altman, Briggs, Frankel, Gensler, and Pantone (2002) connected the Ã¢â¬Å"relational assessmentÃ¢â¬ practice to the diagnosis and treatment planning. The above authors agreed that for effective therapy and appropriate diagnosis to happen, the treatment plan must be appropriate and relational; so that modifications and adaptations can be adjusted as needed. The goal in assessment and case conceptualization must produce complete findings; therefore multiple forms of assessments are to utilized, as to accommodate each individual person in therapy. Planning and Cultural Sensitivity to Avoid Misdiagnosis To safeguard from cultural biases in the assessment process the Ã¢â¬Å"whole personÃ¢â¬ must be viewed in the therapeutic process (Briggs, 2002). As a counselor, one must be culturally competent and aware of othersÃ¢â¬â¢ backgrounds. In order for a counselor to better understand the clientsÃ¢â¬â¢ background, the necessary information would be needed prior to testing. Also paying close attention to the clientsÃ¢â¬â¢ native language as it could pose inconsistencies if given in an unnatural tongue (Rodriquez, 2000). We will write a custom essay sample on Case Conceptualization or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page It should go without saying that an effective and competent therapist will be aware of professional standards and ethics involved in the assessment of a culturally diverse population; by being aware of their own ethnic understanding. Rodriquez (2000) further stresses the need to avoid misdiagnoses by utilizing alternative assessment measures. Research has suggested a clear therapeutic alliance, correct diagnosis and less stress exhibited by clients, when valid information is collected (Gensler, 2002). There has been an assumption that counselors whom falsify information for clients to get better managed care, have done so that they will receive better service; primarily because the insurance has reimbursed (Smart amp; Smart, 1997). However, looking at the bigger picture there are so many ethical dilemmas with counselorÃ¢â¬â¢s having such practices that the APA frowns upon. Diagnostic findings should include intellectual assessment measures and nonverbal implements that are unbiased. Diagnostic findings must be used with caution when defining categories and management planning because someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s life is at stake. Conclusions The assessment process, diagnostic information and conceptualization are equally important as they work hand in hand. The culture that we serve must be handled with caution and ethical, competent, behavior set forth by the APA. Reiterating what was previously stated, I believe it is of the utmost importance to make sure that this process including, but not limited to therapy are comprehensive and ethnically sensitive. Understanding the clientsÃ¢â¬â¢ weaknesses, strengths, indicators and culturally specific goals is outlined in the APA guidelines. This is an area that I feel causes numerous problems not only in counseling but education as well. I feel that sometimes it is assumed that counseling is a Ã¢â¬Å"one size fits allÃ¢â¬ . It is my goal to make counseling specific, concise, and culturally literate when dealing with the clients that I serve.
Friday, May 1, 2020
Question: Describe about the role of leadership in organization? Answer: Leadership is the important component in the success of an organization, yet there exist academic debate about the effective leadership style (Hoy and Miskel 2001). The main aim of this essay is to critically evaluate the various leadership styles that are deployed by the business leaders by demonstrating the transformational leadership principles, which are more conductive for improving the staff motivation, by impacting positively on the culture of organization and delivering overall success for long term (Hoy and Miskel 2001). The first style, which is analyzed, is the leadership of transformation and its examples includes about the Smith, who is the International Coffee CEO, and is leading coffee supplier of fair trade (Skogstad, Einarsen, Torsheim, Aasland and Hetland 2007). Transformational leadership includes four dimensions and these include the congruent along with actions and practices that were implemented by Smith (Skogstad, Einarsen, Torsheim, Aasland and Hetland 2007). For example, Smith tries to characterize the first dimension that create influence by his optimism, ambition, as well as attitude oriented towards innovation along with the willingness to do sacrifice for short period gains for the purpose to offer ethical services that are mainly built over the principles of fair trade, and the same is presented through the axiom that align with Einstein and Humphreys (2001) perception over the transformational leaders that also elevate the followers towards high morality level (Einstein and Hump hreys 2001). Smith fulfills the dimension of inspirational motivation through creating the environment that values the originality and employees could feel the freedom to expand and fail (Einstein and Humphreys 2001). This could be viewed by the practices of company for celebrating the attempt towards the techniques of new harvesting, which also tries to amply and demonstrate their appreciation of taking risk element, which inherent in proceeding with the new assignments and inspire the team to go with new ideas through removing the risk of failure (Leatherman and Leatherman 2008). He also offers the third component that is termed as intellectual stimulation through motivating the staff to work in collaboration in small group of teams in order to come up with new ideas and project within the safe environment without any kind of fear (Leatherman and Leatherman 2008). Lastly, Smith also satisfies the dimension of individualized consideration through offering the employees that work in International Coffee with the free perks like assistance for travel, and healthcare through the support of benefits menu, in which every employee could pick the three advantages, which suit those most (Leatherman and Leatherman 2008). He also offered personal feedback to all members of team on daily basis that also corresponds with the view of Bass (1985), who states that the transformational leaders offer help as well as encouragement to other members (Bass 1985). There are some critics like Morgeson, Derue and Karam (2010), who has argued that the transformational style of leaders hip assumes about the high ambition level and employees motivation where else the situational approach also suggest that leaders could easily modify the behavior of employees as per the employees level of maturity (Morgeson, Derue and Karam 2010). Notable, Morgeson, Derue and Karam (2010) also draws various important differences among the transactional as well as transformational styles of leadership that could be easily observed in the International coffee last CEO, who was Jones (Morgeson, Derue and Karam 2010). For example, oppositional to the Smith that inspires the staff to focus towards innovation, Jung (2001) also reports that Jones main focus is over maintaining the companys success that aligns with Benne and Sheats (1948) who explores that the transactional leaders are passive and tries to preserve the status quo (Benne and Sheats 1948). In long term this leads the Jones to fail in anticipating the shift in the market of fair trade that also results into opting market of company in the leadership along with effects on market share and profits (Benne and Sheats 1948). Moreover, its noted that transformational style of Smith also tries to acknowledge the mistakes as part of process success, and in this case Jones tried to implement the rigid ranking system of performance between 1-5, in which top performers will be given reward along with bonus, while the one coming at the bottom, that is 5 will result into the disciplinary action (Skogstad, Einarsen, Torsheim, Aasland and Hetland 2007). This kind of practices corresponds into the style of transaction, in which employees tries to achieve the objective through reward and punishment system that is also determined through the leader (Skogstad, Einarsen, Torsheim, Aasland and Hetland 2007). Significantly, a contextual view point is considered as the key in depicting the transactional style effectiveness (Purcell, Kinnie, Swart, Rayton and Hutchinson 2009). When international coffee operated in the increasing market along with low competition, the leadership of Jones also proved effective in maintaining the profitability acceptance level and also clarified the employees role (Purcell, Kinnie, Swart, Rayton and Hutchinson 2009). The highest leadership form is considered as the autocratic leadership style that is exhibited through the Johnson, who is assumed to be Solar Drink CEO (Purcell, Kinnie, Swart, Rayton and Hutchinson 2009). In comparison with the Smith, who is referred as the role model and considers empowerment of employees, Johnson tries to evident the autocratic principles that include the entire authority, which help in determining the procedures, objectives and policies in context of employees (Purcell, Kinnie, Swart, Rayton and Hutchinson 2009). This also signifies the typology of power culture through Morgeson, Derue and Karam (2010) with control that emanate through the center (Morgeson, Derue and Karam 2010). Radical strategies of Johnson also includes the extreme layoffs, shutting down factories, renegotiating of contracts, as well as revoking perks of employees that proceed effective for short period in the success of finance and lead towards enhancement in revenue (Purcell, Kinnie, Swart, Rayton and Hutchinson 2009). The faire style of laissez on the other side is considered as antithetical towards the autocratic Johnson style and this could be viewed by the analysis of Fast Food chairman, Dean, this company includes the outlets of fast food eating in the UK (Purcell, Kinnie, Swart, Rayton and Hutchinson 2009). Where else, Johnson holds the entire authority; the style of laissez faire is predicated over the leader that provides managers with freedom to make any decision. As per Benne and Sheats (1948) Dean tries to achieve this through permitting the individual managers to run independent restaurant without any intervening of assistance (Benne and Sheats 1948). Success of Dean claim that style of laissex faire could attain success, but Jung (2001) has argued that this style subscribe with the theory of McGregor, in which employees assume to have autonomy and gets ineffective, when managers fail to possess with the ability to make important decision of business (Jung 2001). Its noted that leadersh ip of laissez faire could destructively create influence on culture of company through lack of guidance, and therefore style of transformational leadership is effective for the leaders as it offers better direction for long term with Smith. In order to recapitulate by conducting analysis of different business leaders and the style of leadership, it is viewed that the leadership transformational style is arguably the most effective one, as it tries to articulate the strategic vision for long term, and help in creating the performance culture and at the same time motivates the employees towards attaining maximum capability and results that are basic for attaining the sustained business success. Conversely there are other leadership styles like transactional which encompass more and lead towards passivity and might stifle the creativity of the employees. In the similar way, the autocratic leadership style is effective in emergency situations, and requires fast decisions, which often lead towards the dysfunctional culture and also tries to de-motivate the employees for long period. Likewise, other leadership style of laissez faire might also impact negatively on organizational culture through creating the confusion and crea te role conflicts due to lack in direction from the leader. Reflective Report According to Burns (1978) delegation is considered as the important component in the entire set of skills of leader and when its utilized successfully can lead to improvement in motivation, performance and level of commitment of the team members and employees (Burns 1978). During my study time at University of Singapore, I was able to gain the first hand experience in context of significance of having effective delegation. This includes the working as part of the team to come up with the video marketing campaign for the website of e-commerce company, in which I was selected as the team leader. The key issues through which I encountered was the initial reluctance towards disseminating the workload with other members of the team, as I believed that I need to clear understanding about the specific methods of marketing that could be more effective. This lead some team members to get de-motivate as I failed in setting up the objectives for them as well as assigning roles and responsibilities and rather than doing so, I proceed with my own ideas without giving any kind of input (Skogstad, Einarsen, Torsheim, Aasland and Hetland 2007). Eventually due to these facts that I have become more overwhelmed with the workload and even gained experience about the video editing, as I delegated the tasks to other team members (Aldefer 1972). Denning(2005) explains that the teams are usually more productive and even efficient, whenever the team leader delegate the responsibilities and tasks, which correspond with the strength of an individual of team members (Denning2005). Therefore, at this specific stage I started appreciating the talents and ability of the team members and explored that assigned responsibilities dramatically got enhanced efficiently and even productivity was increased, along with the motivation and morale of the employees. This also got align with the work of Kuhnert and Lewis (1987) who explored the various team roles and suggested about the ways in which it could be integrated successfully and harmonized the improvement of entire performance (Kuhnert and Lewis 1987). Moreover, whilst the working in the team instead of working independently by pursing the own ideas and I should have tried to sought to set up the communication related to what is required to be done along with encouraged insight, feedback, and opinions taken from the members of the team. This is Congruent with the thoughts of Locke and Latham (2002) who has explained how the strong leader in the team establish the appropriate objectives for each person and tries to encourage as well as facilitate them towards communication between the members of the team (Locke and Latham 2002). Simultaneously, I also believed in enhancing the planning as well as organizational ability about how communication could be made effective, so that strong interpersonal relations could be built up with other members in the company that could add as the benefit in supporting to delegate successfully in the coming period (Locke and Latham 2002). Therefore, if I was to undertake the managerial and leadership role in the future of my career, I would like to explore the strength and weakness of my staff members and consequently I would like to delegate the task that could enhance the efficiency (Skogstad, Einarsen, Torsheim, Aasland and Hetland 2007). I would also like to employ the systematic approach through establishing the expectations and goals and try to motivate the staff to undertake responsibilities for own personal development that brings good results (Locke and Latham 2002). This could also be substantiated through the research conducted by Northouse (2012) that demonstrate the empowerment of employees in becoming important in the present environment of business in context of motivating the employees to attain maximum capability and high output performance (Northouse 2012). Finally, this could also be aligned with my own experience by the organization and leadership module, from where I could learn about how the most successful style of leadership for long period that could help me in cultivating supportive relations with my team mates and empower them through offering autonomy and high control on their work (Bratton 2010). References Bass, B. M. 1985. Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectation. NY: Free Press Burns, J.M. 1978. Leadership. New York: Harper Row Hoy, W. K. and Miskel, C. G. 2001. Educational Administration, Theory, Research, and Practice. 6th ed. New York: McGraw Hall Aldefer, C.P. 1972. Existence, Relatedness and Growth. London: Collier Macmillan. Denning, S.2005. Transformational innovation: a journey by narrative.Strategy Leadership, 33(3), pp.11Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã 16 Jung, D.I. 2001. Transactional and transformational leadership and their effects on creativity in groups. Creativity Research Journal, 13(2), pp. 185-1 Kuhnert, K.W. and Lewis, P. 1987. Transactional and transformational leadership: A constructive/developmental analysis. Academy of Management Review, 12(4), pp. 648657. Locke, E.A. and Latham, G.P. 2002. Building a practically useful theory of goal setting and tasking motivation: a 35 year odyssey. American Psychologist, 57(9), pp. 705-717 Northouse, G.P. 2012. Leadership: Theory Practice. 6th ed. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications Skogstad, A., Einarsen, S., Torsheim, T., Aasland, M. S. and Hetland, H. 2007. The destructiveness of laissez-faire leadership behaviour. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 12, pp. 8092. Benne, K. D. and Sheats, P. 1948. Functional roles of group members. Journal of Social Issues, 4(2), pp. 41-49 Bratton, J. 2010. Work and Organizational Behaviour: Understanding the workplace. 2nd ed. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan Einstein, W. O. and Humphreys, J. H. 2001. Transforming leadership: Matching diagnostics to leader behaviours. Journal of Leadership Organizational Studies, 8(1), pp. 48-60 Leatherman, W.R. and Leatherman, D. 2008. Quality Leadership Skills: Standards of Leadership Behaviour. Amhest: HRD Press Morgeson, P. F., Derue, D. and Karam, P. E. 2010. Leadership in Teams: A Functional Approach to Understanding Leadership Structures and Processes. Journal of Management, 36(1), pp. 5-39 Purcell, J.,Kinnie, N.,Swart, J.,Rayton, B. and Hutchinson, S. 2009. People Management and Performance. Abingdon: Routledge